Generosity leads to evolutionary success

With new insights into the classical game theory match-up known as the “Prisoner’s Dilemma,” University of Pennsylvania biologists offer a mathematically based explanation for why cooperation and generosity have evolved in nature. Their work builds upon the seminal findings of economist John Nash, who advanced the field of game theory in the 1950s, as well […]

Adapting to mainstream lowers diabetes risk in African-Americans

Trying to find a produce store or a large grocer in an economically depressed neighborhood is about as easy as finding an apple in a candy store. Lack of access to good nutrition impacts racial and ethnic minorities and recent immigrants disproportionately. Poor nutrition combined with higher stress can contribute to other health problems, including […]

Divorce elevates risk for depression, but only for some.

Divorce is associated with an increased risk of future depressive episodes but only for those who already have a history of depression, according to a new study published in Clinical Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. “Stressful life events like divorce are associated with significant risk for prolonged emotional distress, including clinically-significant […]

Shank’s pony cures all?

Walking to work cuts risk of diabetes and high blood pressure People who walk to work are around 40 per cent less likely to have diabetes as those who drive, according to a new study. Researchers at Imperial College London and University College London examined how various health indicators related to how people get to […]

Pangolins – quietly facing extinction

A unique order of mammals, consisting of eight species spread across Africa, India & South-East Asia, they are the sort of animal that one could imagine in some biblical creation story, were near the end of the production line and made an already knackered God jumble together out of whatever he could find. Their nearest […]

Sex book 2.0 (3D)

So you’ve probably seen in various news reports dotted about the interweb, that the original 2,000-year-old sex manual, the Kama Sutra, has been sexed up for the digital age with an application  that allows couples to study its saucy poses in 3D. The ancient Hindu text’s illustrations have been transformed into holograms that pop up on […]

Why a rat is of importantance

The African naked mole rat might have the answer to why we live as long as we do.   When you’re 18-25, you’re indestructible. Nothing matters and life is good, if you’re a student and at university things like your demise from cancer, heart disease or diabetes (all of which have an inherited component) seems […]

UK 1st Hand Transplant Success

Thank you Medical Science Mark Cahill spent eight hours in surgery at Leeds General Infirmary during which doctors replaced his disabled right hand with the donor’s limb, after a donor was found on Boxing Day. Mr Cahill’s hand became disabled as a result of an infection following a severe case of gout. Mark says “I’m hoping to […]


“Invictus” is a short Victorian poem by the English poet William Ernest Henley (1849–1903). The poem was first published in 1875 in a book called Book of Verses, where it was number four in several poems called Life and Death (Echoes). At the beginning it bore no title. Early printings contained only the dedication To […]